A.B.C. Stands for animal birth control. It is a process where reproductive organs of an animal are removed through surgery to prevent their mating and increase in population. As per one estimate a female dog and her female offsprings can give birth to over 67,000 puppies in a six year time frame. Nevertheless, a female dog goes into Heat (Reproductive phase) at least twice in a year. Each litter of a female dog consists of minimum 6-8 puppies, of which about half are females who further at an appropriate age go into heat and give birth to more puppies. An uncontrolled population not only leads to the animal sufferings such as puppies dying due to hunger, road accidents but also an increased animal-human conflict with cases of dog bites, as more dogs are now competing for the limited resources. Therefore A.B.C. is a humane way to not only minimise animal suffering but also to keep them healthy and reduce any health risks or hormonal imbalances and diseases such as urinary tract infection and cancer. When A.B.C. surgery for a female dog is referred to as Spaying while that of a male as neutering. Neutering also said to reduce aggression in male dogs, thereby reducing dog fights and conflicts with humans. Besides A.B.C. is also a cost-effective and good for your community while simultaneously addressing the issue of overpopulation in dogs. Recognising these benefits The Govt. of India has formulated the Animal Birth Control (ABC) (Dogs) Rules, 2001 for controlling the population of the street dogs in a scientific & humane manner. Under this programme, the Government of India provides part financial assistance for sterilization and immunization of stray dogs to the Municipalities and NGOs/AWOs (Animal Welfare Organizations) for implementing the above scheme.